Italian Soccer: The Beginning
Edoardo Bosio and Soccer in Turin
Edoardo Bosio was born in Turin in 1864. Popular in the Societa’ Canottieri Armida, Eduardo had a diploma in accounting and because of his occupation as a merchant for a British textile industry he was given the opportunity to live in England and consequently be associated with the early soccer interests of that country.
He made his Turin come back in 1887, bringing along some football memories – those green English fields impossible to forget and few leather balls (unknown object in late 19th Century Italy). Motivated by his newly acquired pastime he wanted to spread the sport played by the English within his city walls and thanks to his dedication in that same year a new agonistic group was born. This fresh group practiced boating in the summer and soccer in the winter.
A few years later in Turin of 1889, another soccer group was formed by the name of Team of Nobles, so called because institutionalized and composed by various nobles of the city – it was captained by Abruzzi’s duke and by marquis Ferrero of Ventimiglia.
In 1891 both teams fused into one, creating the first ever group to practice the English discipline from its source. It was called the International Football Club of Turin. The team had nobles in the field along with workers from a farm specialized in the production of optical products.
In 1894 it was time for the Football Club Torinese to emerge and in 1897 to form its own ‘soccer section’ will be the Reale Societa’ Ginnastica Torino, first Italian society of gymnastics, born in 1844 with the intent of teaching gymnastics to the pupils of the Accademia Militare. In 1900 the Football Club Torinese absorbed the Internazionale Football C1 and the first matches were played in Piazza d’Armi, Valentino and later on in the old Stadium.
Contemporarily, the first city to be interested in the new English discipline was Genova. The great Mediterranean port and ideal place for commercial trades became also a resort for English merchants and sailors to immerge themselves in improvised soccer challenges, therefore captivating the local spectators’ attention. The Ginnastica Sampierdarenese, founded in 1891, opened its respective soccer section in 1899 and on September 7th 1893, followed by English Consul General Sir Charles Alfred Payton in the Ligurian city was born the Genoa Cricket and Athletic Club. Three years later the English James Richardson Spensley started the team’s own soccer section, and on January 2nd 1899 changed society’s name to Genoa Cricket and Football Club – becoming the first official Italian soccer team. Soccer was finally born.
Introduction by By Alfredo Iannaccone
Various former clubs from Torino – Short Historical Overview 1890-1905
In the early period of Italian football ( Italian soccer ) , most of football ( soccer ) teams played for the FNGI (Italian Federation of Gymnastics) instead of FIF events (or indifferently for both federations). FNGI organised annual Concorsi Federali di Calcio (official Italian championships) sometimes inserting that events in the three-yearly Concorsi Nazionali FGNI, a sort of national Convention of all sports (like Olympic games). The necessity to perform a lot of different sports was the reason for their seasonal placing (summer or early autumn) in order to have dry fields to play. FIF Championships were rather played in winter time.
In the FNGI Championships there were also some different rules like half-times of 30 minutes and extra-times of ten; a strange rule stated that the Referee did decide the winner, in a tie-match, awarding the more fair-playing team. The FNGI decision to organize an Italian Football Championship was taken in 1900 (November, 3rd) during the 13th Federal Council in Vicenza. They decided to organize national football games and also national Championships of Tamburello (a sort of Italian “pelota”) and Palla a Sfratto. In 1903 (May, 6th) the Commissione Giuochi adopted the British official football rules. In 1904 (June, 2nd) in Firenze there was the first Italian Football FNGI Championship.
Football Club International Torino (FBC) (1890-1900) City: Torino Italy Colours: orange-black vertical stripes /white/black Current position: no more competing The Club was born in 1890 merging Torino Football & Cricket Club (born in 1887 - red-black stripes) and Nobili Torino (born also in 1887 orange-black stripes). It was the first Italian Club dedicated only to Soccer.. 1898 I Categoria second with 2 pts. Qualifications: FBC International - FBC Torinese 1-0 Final Torino 8.5.1898 at 5 PM (Velodrome "Umberto I" at Porta Susa): C&AC Genoa - FBC International 2-1 The match lasted two hours with the result of 1-1. There were two extra-times of 10 minutes each, during which Genoa's player Leaver scored the decisive goal. 1899 I Categoria second with 2 pts. Qualifications 9/4/99 (Torino at the Piazza d'Armi): FBC International - SocietÃ Ginnastica Torino 2-0 Final 16/4/99 in Genua (at the former Velodrome of Ponte Carrega): C&AC Genoa - FBC International 2-0 1900 merged with Foot Ball Club Torinese mantaining the same name (FBC Torinese). Anyway that Club wasn't related with the later Torino FBC. Football Club Torinese (FBC) (1894-1905) City: Torino Italy Colours: orange-black vertical stripes /black/black Current position: no more competing 1894 Birth of FBC Torinese. 1898 I Categoria. Eliminated. Qualifications: FBC Internazionale - FBC Torinese 1-0 1899 I Categoria. Eliminated. Qualifications Torino 2.4.1899 (field at the Piazza d'Armi): SocietÃ Ginnastica Torino- FBC Torinese 2-0 ref.: Gordon Savage Tours of Torino. 1900 I Categoria, second with 6 pts. Qualifications: 4/3/1900 at the Piazza d'Armi in Torino: FBC Torinese - SocietÃ Ginnastica Torino 3-1 11/3/1900 at the Piazza d'Armi in Torino: FBC Torinese - FBC Juventus Torino 1-0 scorer: Marcello Colongo. Ref.: A. Jourdain Formation: FBC. Torinese : George Beaton, Soedvitch, Edoardo Bosio, Nasi, Edward D. Dobbie, Giuseppe Lubatti, Albert Weber, Uberto Cagnassi, Marcello Colongo, Guido Beltrami, Ernest Verdan. 15/3/1900 in Torino at the Velodrome "Umberto I" of Porta Susa: FBC Torinese - C&FC Milan 3-0 scorers: Guido Beltrami, Marcello Colongo, Alberto Weber. Ref: De Roote. Formation: FBC. Torinese: Beaton, Franz, Bosio, Nasi, Dobbie, Lubatti, Weber, Cagnassi, Colongo, Beltrami, Verdan. Final 22/4/1900 in Torino at the Velodrome "Umberto I" of Porta Susa: C&AC Genoa - FBC Torinese 1-0 Formation: FBC. Torinese: Beaton, Franz, Bosio, Nasi, Dobbie, Lubatti, Weber, Cagnassi, Colongo, Beltrami, Verdan. 1901 No activity for problems in merging with International FBC. 1902 I Categoria Group Piemonte: second with 5 pts. Torino 2/3/1902: FBC Torinese - FBC Juventus 1-1 Torino 9/3/1902: FBC Torinese - SG Torinese 2-0 Torino 16/3/1902: FBC Torinese - Sport Club Audace Torino 2-0 Torino 23/3/1902: FBC Torinese - FBC Juventus 4-1 Semifinals eliminated. Torino 6/4/1902: C&FC Genoa - FBC Torinese 4-3 (aet) (3-3 et 1-0) 1903 I Categoria eliminated. Torino 1/3/1903 FBC Juventus - FBC Torinese 5-0 ref. Francesco CalÃ¬ of Genua. 1904 I Categoria eliminated. Torino 6/3/1904 FBC Juventus - FBC Torinese 3-2 Formation: F.C. Torinese: Beaton, Nicola (II), Mutzell, Eugenio De Fernex, Schombrod, I.De Fernex, Colongo (II), Weber, Dobbie, Franzini, C. De Fernex. 1905 I Categoria Group Piemonte: second. Torino 19.2.1905 FBC Juventus - FBC Torinese 3 - 0 (refused to play) Torino 26.2.1905 FBC Torinese - FBC Juventus 0 - 3 (refused to play) During that season some Torinese's members signed an agreement with former FBC Juventus members in order to create a new Club: the FBC Torino. This event occurred officially in 1906 and the FBC Torinese was over. SG Torinese (1897-1902) City: Torino Italy Colours: white with black edges and horizontal black strip on the bottom of the shirt /white/black; late white with garnet edges - horizontal garnet strip /white/black Current position: no more competing The SocietÃ Ginnastica Torinese (Gymnastics) was born in 1844 but organized a soccer's team only in 1897. 1897 Concorso Federale Nazionale Football FGNI in Torino - Italian Champion: SocietÃ Ginnastica Torinese 1898 I Categoria FIF. Eliminated. Torino AM 8/5/1898 Velodrome "Umberto I" of Porta Susa: C&AC Genoa - SG Torinese 2-1 IV Concorso Nazionale FGNI in Torino - Italian Champion: SG Torinese, second Palestra Ginnastica Ferrara. 1899 I Categoria FIF. Eliminated with 2 pts. Torino 2/4/1899 at the Piazza d'Armi: SG Torinese - FBC Torinese 2-0 Ref.: Gordon Savage Tours of Torino. Torino 9/4/1899 at the Piazza d'Armi: FBC International - SG Torinese 2-0 1900 I Categoria FIF. Eliminated. Torino 4/3/1900 at the Piazza d'Armi: FBC Torinese - SG Torinese 3-1 1901 I Categoria FIF. Eliminated. Torino 14/4/1901: FBC Juventus - SG Torinese 5-0 1902 I Categoria FIF. Eliminated. Torino 2/3/1902: Sport Club Audace Torino - SG Ginnastica 5-2 Torino 9/3/1902: FBC Torinese - SG Torinese 1-0 (forfeit) Torino 16/3/1902 FBC Juventus - SG Torinese 1-0 (forfeit) 1903 the Club abandoned FIF Tournaments. Sport Club Audace Torino (1902-1903) City: Torino Italy Colours: white-black tiny stripes /black/black; late white with large writing AUDACE /black/black Current position: no more competing We can tell only few things about this Club also known as Audace San Salvario Torino. 1902 I Categoria Piemonte. Eliminated with 2 pts. Torino 2/3/1902: Sport Club Audace Torino - SG Ginnastica 5-2 Torino 9/3/1902: FBC Juventus - Sport Club Audace Torino 6-0 Torino 16/3/1902: FBC Torinese - Sport Club Audace Torino 2-0 1903 I Categoria Piemonte. Eliminated. Torino 8/3/1903: FBC Juventus - Sport Club Audace Torino 2-1 1904 Leaved the major League --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
About this document
Various former clubs from Torino – Short Historical Overview of Italian soccer 1890-1905 Prepared and maintained by Enrico Acerbi for the Rec.Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation
Author: Enrico Acerbi ([email protected])