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All About Bologna

Piazza del Nettuno, Bologna
Piazza del Nettuno, Bologna. ph. depositphotos/sailorr

Bologna is a medieval town located in Northern Italy in the Emilia Romagna that was founded by the Etruscans and has since thrived as a popular trade and learning center. It has a population of nearly 500,000 and is home to the oldest university in the world, the University of Bologna, founded in 1088.

The towers of Bologna: the highest is the "Torre degli Asinelli"
The towers of Bologna: the highest is the “Torre degli Asinelli”. Ph. depositphotos/sailorr

Impressions of Bologna, Italy

Bologna is a bustling, animated city full of liberal students and wealthy Bolognese families. People born here are very loyal to their city and often stay their entire lives. But it is the student population of 100,000 that dominates the city. Everywhere you turn you’ll catch young people protesting for freedom or walking arm in arm down the streets. While the center is often crowded, you can veer into the elegant residential areas to get a peek into the daily lives of Bolognese families. Margherita Park and the surrounding neighborhood is a lovely area of town to seek solace and spend a peaceful Sunday.

Panoramic view of Piazza Maggiore, the main square in Bologna
Panoramic view of Piazza Maggiore, the main square in Bologna. Ph. depositphotos/minoandriani2


Bologna’s center is very striking with its medieval street plan, two historic towers (“le due torri“, the Torre Garisenda and Torre degli Asinelli; the second one, with its 318ft., is the highest leaning tower in Italy) and warm-colored buildings of red and orange. The first thing you may notice is that most of the city is built under porticoes, which are covered by walkways. This is very convenient when you are stuck in the frequent rain or snow, but it can seem a bit darker when you don’t see the sky. The reason they are so common is that they were primarily offered as a tax incentive to estate developers because it was considered a service to the town. Some of the richest families chose to build without porticoes to prove their status.

Bologna is famous for its many porticoes
Bologna is famous for its many porticoes. Ph. depositphotos/fotoecho

Bologna and Motorsports

Ferrari S.P.A. was created in Maranello, a town 20 minutes from Bologna. Lamborghini and Ducati motorcycles are also from this area. Every year the convention center in Bologna hosts the Motor show, one of Europe’s most important motor exhibitions showcasing the world’s fastest cars and bikes.

Motorbikes are the main Mode of Transportation in Bologna
Main Mode of Transportation in Bologna

Transportation in Bologna

A car is unnecessary in Bologna. The preferred method of getting around is by bike or foot. The bus system is very easy to use if you take ten minutes to learn the different lines. At the major bus stops, a bus comes every five minutes and they run until around midnight. The fare is about 1 euro and purchased by self-service machines onboard the bus. Tickets are rarely checked. Otherwise, you’ll do just fine on foot or bicycle.

The train station, Bologna Centrale, is located half a mile from Piazza Maggiore, the city center, and is a major hub of Northern Italy. Two major train lines run through the station, and Bologna is a crossroad of trains coming from Milan, Venice, Rome, and Puglia. Don’t forget to get your tickets stamped before entering the train at yellow self-service machines located all around the station. The major airport of Bologna is Guglielmo Marconi International Airport. In order to get to and from the city center to the airport, you can take a taxi or the airport bus (pickup is outside of the train station or airport) for about 10 euros.

Bolognese Cuisine

If you come to Bologna for one reason, let it be the food. It is informally the culinary capital of Italy and it isn’t nicknamed –Bologna la grassa– which means “Bologna the Fat” for nothing. The outdoor market in Bologna‘s center is one of the largest in Europe and has a huge array of fresh cheeses, meats, fruits, vegetables, dairy, and baked goods. The best deals are the balsamic vinegar from nearby Modena and prosciutto from Parma.

Local specialties include:

  • Tortellini in brodo – Meat tortellini in a broth
  • Tagliatelle al ragu – pasta with meat sauce
  • Lasagna Verde alla Bolognese – Lasagna composed of green spinach pasta sheets with meat ragu and a cream bechamel sauce
  • Mortadella – Pink Italian sausage often served in sandwiches or before meals
  • Bollito – Boiled beef
  • Zuppa Inglese – A colorful dessert of cake and cream
  • Mascarpone – A very creamy and sweet cheese dessert

Best Gelato:

  • Gelatoria Gianni, via Montegrappa 11
La Coppola Storta
La Coppola Storta

Restaurants in Bologna, Italy

  • Diana, via Indipendenza
  • Rodrigo, Via Della Zecca 2/H
  • Drogheria della Rosa, via Cartoleria 10.


  • Galleria Cavour is the home of Louis Vuitton, Armani, Fendi, and other luxury shops.
  • L’Inde le Palais is a posh lifestyle store with an edited selection of fashion and home products and a delicious café by the same name across from it. t. 0516567783, Via de’ Musei 6


Aperitivo is Italy’s version of Happy Hour that is not to be missed. Every night between around 7 and 8:30 most of the bars and lounges host a complimentary buffet of sandwiches, salads, and appetizers with drinks.

Via Zamboni, the University street, in Bologna
Via Zamboni, the University street, in Bologna. Ph. depositphotos/vvoennyy

For a more upscale experience

Nu Lounge Bar is a trendy and upscale pizza bar – Via de Musei 6

Rosa Rose is a favorite of Bologna locals located off Piazza Maggiore – Via Clavature 18/b

If you’re looking to visit Bologna with kids, remember that this city is full of beauty, and there’s so much to do even if you’re on a family vacation!

Typical fun student bars in the town

Caffe Zamboni is the nonfrills university hangout for coffees and specialty chocolate drinks. It serves a generous buffet for apertivo. Via Zamboni 6

Irish Pub is a lively place to grab a beer. Via Caduti di Cefalonia 5

Le Stanze is a former chapel complete with frescoes now serving as a hot spot for cocktails. Via del Borgo San Pietro

Via del Pratello is the meeting point for students in the Summer evenings

Bologna, Neptune's statue in Piazza Maggiore
Bologna, Neptune’s statue in Piazza Maggiore. Ph. depositphotos/javarman

Exploring outside Bologna, Italy

One of the greatest pleasures of being in Bologna is that is it an ideal base to explore other cities in Italy. You are within hours of most of the major cities of Italy or a quick train ride to the vineyards of Tuscany. For an easy and relaxing day trip, the top choices are Parma and Ravenna, which can be reached in under an hour.

Distance on the train to the following cities:

  • Florence: 50 min.
  • Milan: 1 hr 20 min.
  • Venice: 1 hr 40 min.
  • Rome: 2 hr 30 min.
  • Verona: 1 hr.
Bologna Centrale, the main train station in Bologna
Bologna Centrale, the main train station in Bologna. Ph. flickr/Paolo Margari

By Meredith Paslawsky

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